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Around 280 thousand North Korean civilians dead during
Name: Admin
2001-09-27 00:00:00  |  Hit 1570

Around 280 thousand North Korean civilians dead during the Korean War

6.25 북한 민간인 희생자 28만여명
 
이름 : 운영자     번호 : 36 
게시일 : 2001/02/01 (목) AM 10:43:17  (수정 2001/02/01 (목) AM 10:50:42)    조회 : 105  

▶ 게 재 일 : 2000년 11월 02일 13面(10版) 
▶ 글 쓴 이 : 정재왈 

[피플&이슈] "6·25 북한 민간인 희생자 28만여명" 
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`28만2천명` .

구(舊) 소련의 문서를 토대로 뽑아낸, 한국전쟁 당시 북한 민간인 희생자수다. 미국의 브루스 커밍스.존 할리데이의 `한국전쟁의 전개과정` (1989년)에서 밝힌 민간인 희생자 2백만명(군인은 50만명)이상 주장보다는 훨씬 적은 숫자다.

일본의 와다 하루키(和田春樹)는 `한국전쟁` (99년)에서 전쟁 기간 중 북한의 인구감소는 전체의 28.4%인 2백72만명이라 추정했다.

이와 비교해 28만여명은 턱없이 적은 숫자여서 학계에 논란을 불러 일으킬 것으로 보인다.

이같은 새로운 주장을 하고 나선 사람은 역사문제연구소 이신철(성균관대 강사) 연구원이다. 이씨는 최근에 입수한 구소련 외무성 문서 `1953년 조선민주주의인민공화국 인민경제 현황 개관` `1950~53년 전쟁기간 조선민주주의인민공화국 인민경제의 총손실 규모` 를 면밀히 검토한 결과 이런 결론을 얻었다.

왜 이처럼 기존 연구자와 큰 차이를 보이는가. 이에 대해 이씨는 "기존의 연구서는 월남한 사람이나 중국 등 주변국으로 이주한 사람, 군사분계선 획정 후 남한땅에 편입된 지역의 사람 등을 망라해 희생자수로 계산했기 때문" 이라고 설명했다.

한편 이씨는 산업피해의 실태도 소개했다. 전쟁으로 인한 피해액을 당시 돈으로 약 4천2백억원. 개인의 피해액(1천7백억원)이 국가의 피해액(2천3백억원)의 반을 넘을 정도로 개인의 피해가 심각했다고 이씨는 주장했다.

이씨는 이런 내용을 담은 논문 `전쟁피해와 북조선사회의 변화` 를 4일 서울 성균관대 경영관에서 열리는 역사문제연구소 주최 `한국전쟁은 민중에게 무엇이었나` 심포지엄에서 발표한다. 02-3672-4191~2.

정재왈 기자-중앙일보

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**지난 기사이지만 너무나 소중한 자료입니다.
 운영자의 미력함으로 보관해 두어야 할 자료들을 놓지거나 잃을 수가 있으니 여러분께서 제보도 해주시고 함께 정리도 해주시기를 바랍니다. 이 난에 자료를 올리고 싶은 분들이 자유스러이 올릴 수 있도록 문을 열도록 해보겠습니다.

 
 

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