Data CenterActivity Documents

Activity Documents

The Korean War and Gangwon province
Name: Admin
2001-10-14 00:00:00  |  Hit 1882

The Korean War and Gangwon province

6.25전쟁과 강원도

20세기의 공간, 그 한복판인 1950년 전 국토를 피로 얼룩지게 한 6·25전쟁은 끝내 강원도를 ‘분단의 현장’으로 바꿔 놓았다. 

북한 공산군의 대거 남침으로 시작된 6·25 전쟁은 우리나라 역사상 그 유례를 찾아볼 수 없는 만큼의 피를 뿌렸다. 

한국전쟁 민간인희생자기념사업회가 밝힌 한국전쟁 희생자는 총 141만8천477명으로 민간인이 99만2천19명, 군인 25만6천499명, 경찰 1만8천519명, UN군 12만2천440명에 이르는 것으로 나타났다. 이들 희생자 중 학살 및 사망자만 37만4천160명이고 납치나 행방불명된 자도 38만8천234명에 달했다. 

민족의 대비극을 몰고 온 6·25전쟁으로 인해 강원도내에서만 13만777명의 민간인 희생자가 발생했다. 

1950년 6월 25일부터 10월 2일 춘천이 수복될 때까지 도내 전역은 북한군의 점령하에 놓이면서 설치된 인민위원회에 의해 통치돼 그들의 반동분자(민주인사) 색출과 인민재판으로 수많은 양민들이 학살되거나 납북됐다. 

게다가 강원도는 산간지역이라는 특성때문에 북한군 퇴로가 돼 타시도에서 겪지 않은 북한 패잔병의 침공까지 받았다. 동해안을 기습공격하던 북한군 2만여명이 금강산에 집결했다가 철원 평강 양구 화천을 거쳐 춘천을 재침, 1950년 11월 18일 일대 주민들은 다시 마석으로 피난을 가게 된다. 그래서 도민들은 당시 북한 패잔병의 재침을 ‘마석피난’전쟁으로 기억하고 있다. 

1951년 1·4후퇴로 마석피난 한달 만에 또다시 피난길에 오른 도민들은 그해 3월 1일 원주수복을 시작으로 차츰 귀향하기 시작, 폐허로 변한 고향땅에 돌아올 수 있었다. 

1953년 7월 27일 휴전협정조인으로 155마일 전선에서 일제히 포화가 멎었다. 

38선이 없어진대신 새로운 군사분계선을 경계로 남북이 대치, 강원도의 분단이 고착화되는 순간이었다. 

강원도는 휴전의 성립으로 38선 분단시 북한 치하에 들어갔던 철원 김화 화천 양구 인제 고성 양양 등 7군 3읍 33면을 수복해 영토를 넓힐 수 있었지만 고성 철원 김화군 등은 절반 이상이 미수복상태였다. 

이로인해 고성군과 간성군이 합치고 철원군과 김화군이 합쳐졌으며 양양, 춘성, 화천군 등의 일부 행정구역이 조정됐다. 

휴전선으로 다시 허리가 잘린 강원도는 20세기의 절반을 국토분단의 비극을 고스란히 간직한 채 보내야만 했다. 

金根成 root@kad
 

  List  
No
Title
Name
Date
Hit
131 North Korean government is still committing acts
Admin
01-10-22 1800
130 Middle school history defines the Korean War as a fail
Admin
01-10-18 1804
129 Modern Korean history: From Liberation (1945) to the p
Admin
01-10-14 13551
128 The Korean War and Gangwon province
Admin
01-10-14 1881
127 What's behind the North's decision to suspend the reun
Admin
01-10-13 1863
126 Only if we could know about abductees' fate!
Admin
01-10-13 1789
125 "North Korea cannot be the target of criticism"
Admin
01-10-13 1920
124 June 15 joint declaration without measures to push thi
Admin
01-10-13 1758
123 Reunion of abducted families reaching a deadlock
Admin
01-10-13 1809
122 Only 103 of Separated familes in North Korea confirmed
Admin
01-10-09 1759
121 Walking the route of the Korean War abduction: Various
Admin
01-09-28 1825
120 Walking the route of the Korean War abduction
Admin
01-09-28 1839
119 "A poet, Jeong Ji-yong was shot to death" said North K
Admin
01-09-28 1995
118 8th minutes of the Unification, Foreign Affairs and Tr
Admin
01-09-28 2091
117 North Korea's information office for the address of th
Admin
01-09-28 2502
116 Priorities of the policies toward the abductees
Admin
01-09-28 1900
115 Living of the separated families in North Korea 1
Admin
01-09-28 2049
114 Suggestion on the solving the abductees issues
Admin
01-09-28 1775
113 Living of the separated families in North Korea 2
Admin
01-09-28 1928
112 List of political prisoners deleted from 'White Paper
Admin
01-09-28 1831
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20